The Manor of Codiford Farleigh or Lancorla
The Lordship of the Manor of Codiford Farleigh (Codiford-Farlegh) or Lancorla is a feudal lordship in the County of Cornwall and was first recorded in 1066 in the reign of King Edward the Confessor and has a history to 1533 in the reign of King Henry VIII.
The lordship in the parish of St Wenn lies about four miles nearly east-north-east from St. Columb and about eight west from Bodmin, the same distance north from St. Austell, and seven south from Padstow.
The ancient manor of Codiford Farlegh, belonged, at a remote period, to the priory of Bodmin, under the church of St Petroc's, which it was held by Brictric as first lord, in the reign of Edward the Confessor in 1066. Later it was held by the priory of Farleigh, the Earls of Cornwall under the King and in 1259 the manor came into ownership of the Botreaux family. Afterwards it has been dismembered and disappears from records.
The manor also received special mention in "One of books of the exchequer for Cornwall, in Westminster Abbey, the jurisdiction of a cucking stool of some account has been given in the preceding volume was granted or rather at inquisition was declared to belong to the manor of Cotford Farlo in the parish St Wenn and there that there was a walled pool for this purpose by highway side and that the cucking stool had been in existence within the memory of man".
Since 2020, the Lordship of Codiford Farleigh is kept alive by the current custodians, the 6th Baron and Baroness of North Cadbury and 18th Lord and Lady of Codiford Farleigh.
1066 Brictric (son of Algar), 1st known Lord of Codiford-Farlegh, held the manor, lying in the hundred and deanery of Rialton (Pyder), under the canons of St Petroc's, which belonged to the priory of Bodmin in the time of King Edward the Confessor.
1083 Domesday Book: Brictric held the manor of Codiford Farleigh under the Earl of Cornwall for King William I. Brictric died in imprisonment 1083. It is recorded as the manor of Cudiford in St Wenn Parish, in the hundred of Rialton (Pyder).
Domesday Book extract for the Manor of Codiford Farleigh
1086 Robert Count of Mortain, 2nd Earl of Cornwall and half-brother of King William. He held the Royal manor of Codiford-Farlegh for the King.
1095 William Count of Mortain, 3rd Earl of Cornwall son and heir of Robert. William was imprisoned for many years, in the Tower of London and in became a monk in 1140.
1140 William became a Cluniac monk at Bermondsey Abbey.
1141 Alan, 1st Earl of Richmond and 1st Earl of Cornwall, Cornwall was deprived of him. After the Battle of Lincoln in 1141, Alan was captured by Ranulf der Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester and tortured until he relinquished his claim to the Earldom of Cornwall.
1141 Reginald de Dunstanville, 1st Earl of Cornwall in 1141, hold the manor of Codiford Farleigh. During the war between King Stephen and Queen Matilda, Reginald, who supported Matilda, was in control of Cornwall. Subsequently forced out of Cornwall by Stephen's forces, Reginald lost the earldom to Alan of Richmond.
1141 Reginald was invested with the Earldom of Cornwall by his half-sister Matilda in 1141, after King Stephen's forces had been beaten.
1173 Reginald granted a charter to his free burgesses of Truro in Cornwall, and addressed his meetings at Truro to "All men both Cornish and English" suggesting a differentiation of nations.
1173-1174 Reginald served as High Sheriff of Devon.
1166 William II Boterel of Boscastle, Cornwall. He was the son of Reginald and inherited the manor of Codiford Farleigh and all the other landed properties from his father.
1205-1210 William was High Sheriff of Cornwall.
1209 William III Boterel of Boscastle hold the lordship. His next heir and Lord of Codiford Farley was his son Reginald.
1259 Sir Reginald de Botreaux, Knt.; was one of the four knights who were appointed in Cornwall in August 1258 "to conduct an investigation into all wrongs committed by royal and baronial officials and bailiffs."
1259 At Westminster, 15 days from Easter day, in the 43 rd year of King Henry (27 April 1259): Symon, Prior of Farleye granted to Reginald all that tenement which the Prior and his church before held in Kudeford (Codiford-Farlegh, alias Lancorla in St. Wenn) in the county of Cornwall without reserve and remitted and quit-claimed the same for himself and his successors and his church to Reginald and his heirs for ever. Moreover the Prior received Reginald and his heirs into all benefits and orisons which hence- forth should be made in his church for ever.
After 1274 Sir William de Botreaux, Knt.; of Boscastle, Cornwall, and Babington, Somerset, England, was Lord of the manor. His son William was heir of the estates.
About 1296 William de Botreaux held the lordship. His son Reginald was his next heir and lord of the manor.
About 1343 Sir Reginald de Botreaux, Knt.; of Boscastle, is Lord of Codiford Farleigh. His son William was heir of the lordship.
1346 William de Botreaux of Botreaux Castle, renamed after his family Boscastle, anciently “Bottreaux Castle”, Cornish: Kastell Boterel. William served in 1331-1333 as High Sheriff of Cornwall. Next heir to the lordship was their son William.
1349 William de Botreaux, 1st Baron Botreaux. He was married with Elizabeth Daubeney. Lady Elizabeth wished to found a college of priests in North Cadbury Church, possibly for the safe return of her grandson from the Agincourt campaign of 1415. She was licensed in 1417 to found a college of chaplains in the church. Papal approval was given in 1418 when the church was named St. Michael the Archangel. In 1423 royal licence was granted for Elizabeth, Lady de Botreaux and Sir William de Botreaux to convert the parish church of North Cadbury into a college of seven chaplains and four clerks, one of the chaplains being in charge as rector of the college of St. Michael. Heir of William and Elizabeth was their eldest son William.
1391 William Botreaux, 2nd Baron Botreaux. He married Elizabeth St. Lo. Their son William was the next Lord of Codiford-Farleigh.
1412 William de Botreaux, 3rd Baron Botreaux, aged 23, was first summoned to parliament, the first time being in 1412 and lastly in 1461, aged 72. He married first Elizabeth Beaumont and second Margaret de Ros. He inherited from his father the barony by writ of Botreaux as well as substantial family landholdings which included the manor of North Cadbury, Somerset, in the parish church of which capital manor he was buried, as he requested in his will written 38 years before in 1424.
Between 1413 until 1422 William as an attendant to King Henry V, he attended to Court.
1415 William served the monarch throughout the Siege of Harfleur and the subsequent Battle of Agincourt.
1462 William died without surviving male issue. He was buried in church of North Cadbury as well as his first wife Lady Elizabeth. He died seized of 50 manors, mostly in the West-country, including the manor of Codiford-Farleigh. By his first wife Elizabeth he had four children, but three of them died early and his daughter Margaret, was his sole heiress, suo jure 4th Baroness Botreaux.
1462 Margaret Botreaux, 4th Baroness Botreaux suo jure and Lady of Codiford Farleigh. She married Robert 2nd Baron Hungerford in 1422.
1478 Margaret died and in her will of August 8, 1476 she inherited the Lordship of Codiford Farleigh to her great-granddaughter Mary Hungerford Botreaux.
1478 Mary, 5th Baroness Botreaux, great-granddaughter and heiress of Margaret Botreaux succeeded as the 5th Baroness Botreaux suo jure and Lady of Codiford Farleigh.
1533 Mary died. After her death the Botreaux family and their peerage has been extinct and the Lordship of Codiford Farleigh has been dismembered and disappears from records.
The Lordship title not to have been used for 487 years and was reassigned in 2020.
2020 Jörg Hubert Dumke and his wife Regina, 6th Baron and Baroness of North Cadbury obtain the title and hereditary rights of the Lordship of the Manor of Codiford Farleigh in Cornwall.