THE BRITISH TITLES SYSTEM

                            

                           TITLES OF PRECEDENCE AND DIGNITY  

               of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland       

 

 

                                                    The Sovereign                


                                         Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.   

 

 

 

                                              The Queen's Consort             


                 His Royal Highness Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh

 

   

 

                                 The Heir-Apparent to the Crown   


                    His Royal Highness Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales 

 

 

The Lords Spiritual

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the first peer of England, 

The Archbishop of York,

The Bishops of London, Durham and Winchester (and another 21).

The normal form of address is 'Your Grace'/ 'My Lord.

 

Duke / Duchess
created in 1337, highest rank of the peerage. In the United Kingdom addressed as 'My Lord' or 'Your Grace'/ 'My Lady' or 'Madam'.

       

Marquess / Marchioness
created in 1385, in the United Kingdom the title ranks below a duke and above an earl. The normal form of address is 'My Lord' or 'Your Grace'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam').       


Earl / Countess
first earls in England were created in 1017. The Norman kings adopted the Saxon title. The first earls created were dignitaries of enormous power. The normal form of address is Lord / Lady or 'My Lord'/ 'My Lady'.
 

 

Viscount / Viscountess
created in 1440, rank in peerage below an Earl, above a Baron. Formerly it was a the title of the Sheriff of a County. In the reign of Henry VI. the title became a degree of honour and was made hereditary. The normal form of address is Lord / Lady or 'My Lord'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam').  

 

Baron / Baroness
created c.1066, lowest rank of the peerage. Barons were introduced into England by the Normans, most of whom held that rank in Normandy before the Conquest. Baron meant literally a man, being the King's tenant-in-chief, i.e. holding his land directly from the King per baroniam and giving the owner, wether by inheritance or by acquisition, a bundle of land, minerals and other rights, including certain rights of public justice and privileges. In the 13th century they were summoned to Parliament. The Baronage emerged into an hereditary dignity of the peerage. The normal form of address is Lord/ Lady or  'My Lord'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam').

 

Life Baron / Life Baroness (by writ) 

lowest rank of the peerage. Life peerages had been granted for centuries, usually to women, until the Life Peerage Act of 1958 allowed the regular creation of non-hereditary peerages. A life peerage offers all of the privileges of a hereditary degree to the  recipient, including a seat in the House of Lords. The most significant differences being that  whose titles cannot be inherited, as contrasted to hereditary Lords. Almost all of the life peerages granted under the Act have been baronies. The normal form of address is Lord / Lady or  'My Lord'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam').  

 

Baronet / Baronetess
created in 1611, a hereditary title above a Knight and below a Baron.

A Baronet (trad. abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt, after the name) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a hereditary baronetcy awarded by the British Crown. The practice of awarding baronetcies was originally introduced in England in the 1300s and was used by James I of England  in 1611 in order to raise funds for the suppression of the rebellion in Ulster.

A baronetcy is the only hereditary honour which is not a peerage. A baronet is styled "Sir" like a knight (or "Dame" for a baronetess), but ranks above all knighthoods and damehoods except for the Order of the Garter and, in Scotland, the Order of the Thistle However, the baronetage, as a class, are considered members of the gentry and rank above the knightage. A Baronet is not a noble title or knighthood, although they are members of the aristocracy. The normal form of address is 'Sir'/ 'My Lady' (or 'Madam')


Knight / Dame

Knighthood is essentially an institution of the days of chivalry. The title of knight was desired and granted as an honourable addition or mark of distinction to the highest dignity, name and rank.

A knight is entitled to use the prefix 'Sir'/ 'Dame' with the orders letters after the name. The wife of a knight is entitled to use the prefix 'Lady'.  


Lord of the Manor / Lady of the Manor 

The Lordship of the Manor is one of the oldest titles in England. In English society, the Lordship of a Manor is a lordship originating in the feudal system of manorialism. In modern England and Wales it is recognised as a form of property. Historically a lord of the manor might be a tenant-in-chief if he held a capital manor directly from the Crown; otherwise he was a mesne lord if he did not hold directly from the Crown, yet had his own tenants. The origins of the lordship of manors arose in the Anglo-Saxon system of manorialism. Following the Norman Conquest, land at the manorial level was recorded in the Domesday book of 1086.

The normal form of address is Lord / Lady.

 

Lord / Lady 

is not only a title, it is also the form to address a marquess (marchioness), an earl (countess), a viscount (vicountess), a baron (baroness), a Lord or Lady of the manor, a youngster son of a duke or marquess, a judge and or a bishop.

 

 

                      The titles will distinguished in two distinct groups. 

 

 

 

                                                          I.   

                                         Titles of the British Peerage

                            The Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain     

                                                 and Northern Ireland

                                (Parliamentary Titles - Titles of Nobility)         

       

Aerial View of the Houses of Parliament and Buckingham Palace 1970's

 

The modern peerage system is a continuation and renaming of the baronage which existed in feudal times. The requirement of attending Parliament was at once a liability and a privilege for those who held land as a tenant-in-chief of the king per baroniam, that is to say under the feudal contract of being one of the king's barons, responsible for raising knights and troops for the royal feudal army. Certain other classes such as the higher clerics and freemen of the Cinque Ports were deemed barons. This right, entitlement or "title", began to be granted by decree in the form of the writ of summons from 1265 and by letters patent from 1388. Additionally, many holders of smaller fiefdoms per baroniam ceased to be summoned to parliament. As a result of this, the barony started to become personal rather than territorial. Feudal baronies had always been hereditable by an eldest son under primogeniture, but on condition of payment of a fine, termed relief, derived from the Latin verb levo to lift up, meaning a "re-elevation" to a former position of honour. Baronies and other titles of nobility became unconditionally hereditable on the abolition of feudal tenure by the Tenures Abolition Act of 1660, and non-hereditable titles began to be created in 1876 for law lords, and in 1958 for life peers.

 

Today the Peerage is the collective of all the Lords of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or persons raised in class to be considered "Peers of the Monarch".

These Lords have a seat in the House of Lords (or referred to ceremonially as the House of Peers) - the Upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

    

                                            Titles of the Peerage

  • Lords Spiritual
  • Duke
  • Marquess
  • Earl
  • Viscount
  • Baron
  • Life Baron

 

Until recently, the Peerage could be easily defined asthose who held a seat in the House of Lords (part of the Parliamentary system in Britain). Today the most of the hereditary Peers have been removed from the House under recent reforms.

 

                 A Privilege of the Peerage - Robes and Coronets

Since the early Middle Ages, robes have been worn as a sign of nobility. At first, these seem to have been bestowed on individuals by the monarch or feudal lord as a sign of special recognition; but in the fifteenth century the use of robes became formalised with peers all wearing robes of the same design, though varied according to the rank of the wearer.

Two distinct forms of robes emerged, and these remain in current use:  

1. the Parliamentary Robe is worn for parliamentary occasions (such at the State Opening of Parliament),  

2. the Coronation Robe is generally worn only at Coronations. (Formerly, new peers were invested with their coronation robe by the monarch, but this Investiture ceremony has not taken place since 1621.)

Coronets are worn with the Coronation robe. The robes and coronets used at Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953 cost about £1,250  (roughly £29.6,000 in present-day terms). Peers under the rank of an Earl, however, were allowed in 1953 to wear a cheaper "cap of estate" in place of a coronet, as were peeresses of the same rank, for whom a simpler robe was also permitted (a one-piece gown with wrap-around fur cape, designed by Norman Hartnell).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

Hereditary titles are those that pass from one generation to the next, usually in direct succession.  Dukes, Marquesses, Earls, Viscounts, Barons, and Baronets (Baronets are not part of the Peerage, but as that they are hereditary titles) are usually hereditary in nature. The way they pass from one member of the family, usually from the eldes son, to the next is all dependent upon how the titles were originally granted.

 

 

   

 

                                                           II.        

                 Titles of the British Manorial and Feudal System           

                  The Feudal Lords and Barons of the United Kingdom of    

                                                  Great Britain and Northern Ireland

                                                              (Gentry) 

        


These titles come from the Manorial and Feudal System which preceded the Peerage and still continue today. The first Lords in the House of Lords came from the Feudal Barons and Earls that managed the people and land across the country. 



Most of the rights of these title holders have been lost due to their creation or lain dormant so long ago, mostly 1066 at the time of the William the Conqueror (King William I.), but some can date back hundreds of years before.

    

           


                                       Feudal Hierachy & Obligations


                                                                                King

                                         Kings were the Lords of the land.

                                           Highest position in the feudal system.

                                                                                             

                                                                                           Nobles

                                       Nobles were the vassals of the king.

                                         Ruled over some lower ranking knights.  

                                                   ↓

                                                            Knights

                             Knights served their lords in exchange for land.

                                                   ↓ 

                                                           Peasants

                                        Peasants are the lowest rank in the feudal system.

             They owned no land and worked on land owned by nobles and knights.  


                                       


                       Titles of the Manorial and Feudal System                     

  • Earl (a feudal Earldom, like a Manor title vested in property)
  • Baron (the highest degree of feudal land tenure in 1066)
  • Lord of the Manor (one of the oldest titles in England)                                          

                      

Most Lordships were granted between 1066 and 1086 and were named then. Each Lord could change the name of the Lordship (and the title) in the same way as we can change the name of a house today.               

                                                                                                               

Earl                                                                                                                                                                                                       

In Anglo-Saxon England, feudal earls had authority over their own regions and right of judgment in provincial courts, as delegated by the king. They collected fines and taxes and in return received a "third penny", one-third of the money they collected. In wartime they led the king's armies. Some shires were grouped together into larger units known as earldoms, headed by an ealdorman or earl. Under Edward the Confessor earldoms like Wessex, Mercia, East Anglia and Northumbria - names that represented earlier independent kingdoms  -  were much larger than any shire.      

The Earls originally functioned essentially as royal governors. Though the title of Earl was nominally equal to the continental duke, unlike them earls were not de facto rulers in their own right.    

After the Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror tried to rule England using the traditional system but eventually modified it to his own liking. Shires became the largest secular subdivision in England and earldoms disappeared. The Normans did create new earls like those of Herefordshire, Shropshire, and Cheshire but they were associated with only a single shire at most. Their power and regional jurisdiction was limited to that of the Norman counts. There was no longer any administrative layer larger than the shire, and shires became "counties". Earls no longer aided in tax collection or made decisions in country courts and their numbers were small.

King Stephen increased the number of earls to reward those loyal to him in his war with his cousin Empress Mathilda. He gave some earls the right to hold royal castles or control the sheriff and soon other earls assumed these rights themselves. By the end of his reign, some earls held courts of their own and even minted their own coins, against the wishes of the king.

It fell to Stephen's successor Henry II to again curtail the power of earls. He took back the control of royal castles and even demolished castles that earls had built for themselves. He did not create new earls or earldoms. No earl was allowed to remain independent of royal control.

The English kings had found it dangerous to give additional power to an already powerful aristocracy, so gradually sheriffs assumed the governing role. The details of this transition remain obscure, since earls in more peripheral areas, such as the Scottish Marshes and Welsh Marshes and Cornwall, retained some viceregal powers long after other earls had lost them. The loosening of central authority during the Anarchy also complicates any smooth description of the change over.

By the 13th century, earls had a social rank just below the king and princes, but were not necessarily more powerful or wealthier than other noblemen. The only way to become an earl was to inherit the title or marry into one - and the king reserved a right to prevent the transfer of the title. By the 14th century, creating an earl included a special public ceremony where the king personally tied a sword belt around the waist of the new earl, emphasizing the fact that the earl's rights came from him.

Earls still held influence and as "companions of the king", were regarded as supporters of the king's power. They showed that power for the first time in 1327 when they deposed Edward II. They would later do the same with other kings they disapproved of. Still, the number of earls remained the same until 1337 when Edward III declared that he intended to create six new earldoms.          


Baron     

Barons were introduced into England by the Normans; most of whom held that rank in Normandy before the Conquest. Baron literally meant a man, holding his land directly from the King per baroniam as a tenant-in-chief. William the Conqueror established his favoured followers as barons by enfeoffing them as tenants-in-chief with great fiefdom a largely standard feudal contract of tenure, common to all his barons.

A feudal barony or barony by tenure was the highest degree of feudal land tenure, namely per baroniam (Latin for "by barony" or "as a baron") under which the land-holder owed the service of being one of the king's barons. Such barons were selected often on account of their personal abilities and usefulness. Thus for example Turstin FitzRolf, the relatively humble and obscure knight who had stepped in at the last minute to accept the position of Duke William's standard-bearer at the Battle of Hastings, was granted a barony which comprised well over twenty manors.  

Lands forming a barony were often located in several different counties, not necessarily adjoining. The name of such a barony is generally deemed to be the name of the chief manor within it, known as the caput, Latin for "head", generally assumed to have been the seat or chief residence of the first baron. So, for instance, the barony of Turstin FitzRolf became known as the barony of North Cadbury, Somerset.

The exact date of creation of most feudal baronies cannot be determined, as their founding charters or any deeds have been lost. Many of them are first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086.

The duties owed by and the privileges granted to feudal barons cannot now be defined exactly, but they involved the duty of providing soldiers to the royal feudal army on demand by the king, and the privilege of attendance at the king's feudal court, the precursor of parliament.

 

King John of England signs the Magna Carta

 

In the 13th century they were summoned to the Counselor Parliament, but at first this did not imply that a successor would necessarily also be summoned to subsequent Parliaments. The more important would probably be summoned, but by the reign of Edward III it became usual for successors to receive writs as a matter of course. Thus the Baronage emerged into a hereditary dignity of the Peerage.

The first baron created by patent was John Beauchamp de Holt, created Baron Kidderminster, by Richard III in 1387 but baronies by writ also continued to be created long after this date.       

                                                    

Lord of the Manor

The Lord of the Manor is one of the oldest feudal titles in England and still in continuous use. In English society, the Lordship of a Manor is a lordship originating in the feudal system of manorialism. In modern England and Wales it is recognised as a form of property.

Historically a lord of the manor might be a tenant-in-chief if he held a capital manor directly from the Crown; otherwise he was a mesne lord if he did not hold directly from the Crown, yet had his own tenants. The origins of the lordship of manors arose in the Anglo-saxon system of manorialism. Following the Norman conquest, land at the manorial level was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. The title cannot be subdivided. This has been prohibited since 1290 in the Statute of Quia Emptores that prevents tenants from alienating their lands to others by subinfeudation, instead requiring all tenants wishing to alienate their land to do so by substitution.

 

Lord Denning, in Corpus Christi College Oxford v Gloucestershire County Council [1983] QB360, described the manor thus:


“In mediæval times the manor was the nucleus  of English rural life. It was an administrative unit of an extensive area of  land. The whole of it was owned originally by the lord of the manor. He lived  in the big house called the manor house. Attached to it were many acres of  grassland and woodlands called the park. These were the “demesne lands” which  were for the personal use of the lord of the manor. Dotted all round were the  enclosed homes and land occupied by the “tenants of the manor”.       



"NULLE TERRE SANS SEIGNEUR"  =                                           
                                                             THERE IS NO LAND WITHOUT ITS LORD
                                                   William the Conqueror, 1066

               

"The Lord of the Manor and his household" Photograph c. 1890

      

                                                                                                            

                Feudal Lordships, Baronies and Earldoms today 

Feudal and manorial lordships, baronies and earldoms, hereinafter referred to as lordship(s), exist today in English custom law as well as in English property law as 'estates in land'. They are part of the feudal history of England dating back to King William I. 1066 or pre-date the Norman conquest. The feudal titles derive from the King. Their origins are to this very day closely related to the British monarchy, even though they are not titles of the peerage. Feudal Lords, Barons and Earls are quiet rightly called Lord, Baron or Earl, but they are not the same as the Lords, Barons and Earls of the peerage, the members of the House of Lords or upper house of the parliament.

Officially a manorial or feudal Lordship title is “a property without body”.

Historically the feudal Lord has carried with it a bundle of rights over land within the manor, even over land that was in the hands of tenants and common land. Lordship rights varied from Lord to Lord, some of these were included in the grant of the lordship such as the right of corporal and capital punishment or the 'Right of Gallows' and 'Right of Stocks'. Another important grant of right would be to hold a market within the manor. Other privileges have included the right to hunt wild animals on the wastes of the manor - common land - and the right to wild fish. The Lord could demand payment from people fishing in rivers and lakes within his manor - common land.

A Manor/Lordship always came in three parts: 1. Land, 2. Rights over the Land, 3. Lordship - power to collect fealty {services} and taxes. To convey all three rights they had to be specifically listed in the deeds of transfer. Titles became separate from the physical land in 1922. 

The Abolition of Tenures Act 1660 - Barons and Lords until this time could either be required to pay money or provide a service (frankalmoign) to the Crown. This Act of Parliament removed the requirement of providing service (tenures) and converted all of the services into payments of money. This Act did NOT abolish feudal titles, they becoming baronies in so-called free socage. Lordships, Baronies and Earldoms were granted by the Crown and were not given termination dates, so they will continue for evermore and can not be extinguished. Therefore these very old English feudal titles which are provably dormant and not in use, CAN be continuing lawfully re-created, aquired and conveyed.

English Baronies and Lordships ceased to be granted several hundred years ago, however by their very nature they CANNOT be abolished or extinguished whether a legal owner is in possession or not, the title still exists.              

A feudal lordship title itself can be separated from the physical property just as any other right can. As this the lordship title is an incorporeal hereditament which can inherited to the next generation. Genuine titles from the manorial and feudal system can also be conveyed upon acquisition. As they are incorporated into English property law they can be bought and sold. They are nonetheless historic artifacts and protected in the 1922 Law of Property Act.

                                                                                                                                                                

"... the only Lords of any importance at the present day are Lords of the Manors".                                                                                                                                                                                                                       William Jowitt, 1st Earl Jowitt: Dictionary of English Law, 1959.                  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

Titles from the Manorial and Feudal System can be owned by anyone, irrespective of nationality. With the aquisition and conveyance of a lordship, the new owner inherits the rank and the status of a feudal lord, even some become involved in the local community. Whilst at the same time he becomes the successor in title in line with often eminent historical figures which have essentially infuenced the history of Britain. Therewith the holder of a lordship is a custodian of the title and its history in trust for future generations.  

                                                                                                                                                                       

   

      

                  Usage of a Lordship of the Manor or Feudal Barony Title

How to refer to a holder of a lordship and his title is not so much a matter of English Law, as a matter of taste and etiquette.                         

Good manners and respect for history and the lordship title would suggest that using the title in the correct way generates respect for the Lord and his Manor.

           

Lordship of the Manor of X                                   


How to refer to the lordship title

(The) Lordship of the Manor of X

(The) Lordship of X       


The holder of a manorial lordship can be addressed as follows:

Personal Name, Lord/Lady of the Manor of X

Personal Name, Lord/Lady of X

Lord/Lady of X

Lord/Lady X

                                    

Barony of X            

                              

How to refer to the barony title

(The) Barony of X  

 

The holder of a barony can be adressed as follows:

Baron/Baroness Personal Name of X

Personal Name, Baron/Baroness of X

Personal Name, Lord/Lady of X

Baron/Baroness of X

Lord/Lady of X

Lord/Lady X


These address code rules hold good for English manorial lordships and feudal baronies. Because so many variations in feudal titles are accepted, it is helpful when the style preferred by the holder of a barony or lordship is printed at the head of stationery, on correspondence or business cards.       


In Britain it's further possible to add lordship titles to passports and driving licences.  The Government has published a guide how titles can be included in passports.      

            


                                             IMPORTANT ADVICE        

              to Legal Aquisition, Transfer & Registation of Feudal Titles

                          Caveat emptor  - "Let the buyer beware"           


• Legal Aquisition

The aquisition of a genuine manorial or feudal title is a serious transaction and requires correctly executed legal documentation. They can be lawful created, restored, reconstructed, by legal process.            

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Alleged lordship titles based e.g. on adverse possession, registration as (international) trademark, a 'square foot of land' (also called 'souvenir plots') or even so-called self-styled lordships, are IN NO CASE genuine and legal titles and DO NOT enable the ownership of a lordship title. These titles whichever are NOT genuine, thus unlawfull!    


Also a feudal lordship title is UNIQUE - there can only be ONE LEGAL OWNER of a title at one and the same time. 

 

• Statutory Declarations

After the latest court cases (2010/2012), the ownership of a lordship CANNOT be proven by a signed Statutory Declaration by the last known purported owner! Also Court Rolls, sworn statements, partial deeds or a family 'interest' DO NOT prove ownership of a Lordship or Barony. They CANNOT be relied upon as an alternative, they are NOT an acceptable replacement in law for missing or incorrectly executed deeds. An independent legal report by expert Barrister Mr Paul Stafford clearly explains the law regarding ownership of a lordship, ownership CAN ONLY be proven by a complete, correctly excecuted and consecutive chain of deeds from time of grant or Time Immemorial, 3rd September 1189, which are exceptionally rare. Without the complete set of lordship deeds, as proof of ownership, it is impossible to prove ownership but also who is the real owner.       

         

• The Abolition of Tenures Act 1660

This act from 1660 DID NOT ABOLISH English feudal titles, as often purported on websites or by people which claim to clarify the legality of feudal Baron and Lordship titles. The clue is in the name, it merely removed tenures (paying tax or rent in service (knight service) and not money). Under this Act many Baronies by tenure were converted into Baronies by writ, the rest ceased to exist as feudal baronies by tenure, becoming baronies in free socage, that is to say under a "free" (hereditable) contract requiring payment of monetary rents. Thus baronies could no longer be held by military service.

The operator of such dubious websites have NOT EITHER experience NOR the slightest knowledge about manorial law, English custom law or English property law. English custom law (statute law and common law) and English property law are very complicated and mostly relate to precedencial cases which are often not to find out so easily. Simply said these website owners are NOT to be able to accept the legal facts and do NOT telling the truth. There are a few wannabe enlightener and wiseacres in this field, which lean on rumors and not on fundamental legal facts. These people only insists to false pretences and not more!!! These supposed undeceiving people don't know nothing at all!

English feudal titles which are for instance provably dormant and not in use, CAN be continuing lawfully re-created, sold, aquired and re-assigned.

Here are some examples of ENGLISH feudal Baronies which also have been sold even in years past: the Barony of Gilsland, Lincolnshire (1993), the Barony of Kendal, in the English historic county of Westmorland (now Cumbria), the Barony of Pencelli Castle (2003), the Barony of Langley, Tynedale, Northumberland (2006) or so the Barony of Eye, Suffolk (2007). All these mentioned and several more were sold, despite the allegations The Abolition of Tenures Act 1660 abolished English feudal titles?! Also an enormously remarkable article, isn't it?

Once again in conclusion, the fact is: English feudal Baronies are NOT abolished and can be rightful re-created, aquired and conveyed in the same way as manorial Lordships. 

 

• Caution notice to several allegedly enlightening websites and websites in the social media networks

Beware of advices and comments on websites or in the social media networks (Facebook) of alleged serious heraldic or manorial societies (e.g. The International Heraldry Society). Their owner or members are sometimes not reliable and do not always telling the truth. Mostly they have absolutely no knowledge about manorial law or English custom law. Some people believe as a member of any society, if heraldic or manorial, they are outstandingly persons and they are only be right. Some of these seems to lack the behaviour and the manner of a gentleman or lord and do not act very honourable. Also a few people hang out in these groups purport to have real titles or adorn oneself with fantasy or self styled titles. Detailed internet research reveal these are fakes which have nothing to do with genuine titles. Accordingly, only with great attention is to assume advice, opinions and comments from previously mentioned societies in social media networks and their public groups. Attention also to self-styled enlightener with their duboius websites filled with false pretences.                             

  

• Title Registry

Currently exists NO independent, reliable and officially recognised Manorial Lordship and Barony Register or other so-called Register to record any feudal title in legal ownership entirely correct and truthfully. Any register which purports to be an official (National) Register in any form carries NO significance or authority in law.

Since the Land Registry (as the only government agency) ceased registration of manorial titles in 2003, there is no longer the opportunity to record officially who owns which title.                          


Legal Notice published in The Gazette (formerly The London Gazette)

The legal conveyance and ownership of a feudal or manorial title can be officially announced in The Gazette, the official journal of record of Her Majesty's Government. It operates under strict Government and Crown approval and consists largely of statutory notices. That implies that there are some legal requirements for the notice placer to advertise a notice in The Gazette.
As an official public record, notices can ONLY be placed in The Gazette by REGISTERED AND VERIFIED persons acting in an official capacity, who have the authority to create an official record of fact.                  

  

• Solicitor's confirmation letter with proof of conveyance

This legal document (letter, statement or receipt) of an UK registered Solicitor (SRA) to each title, CONFIRMS FULL LEGAL OWNERSHIP and PROVES THE AUTHENTICITY to the respective manorial/feudal title absolutely reliable.

Please note: An UK registered Solicitor - SRA - will NEVER work against the law, because he risks to loose his licence!  

                                       

                                                     ADVICE

For all these foresaid reasons and detailed clarification, (legal) advice from renowned manorial experts/counsel supported by legal professionals specialised in manorial law, should be sought before any transaction of title transfer.

Leading Experts in manorial law and in dealing with genuine manorial titles handle such transactions; London Counsels (Barristers) have been thoroughly reviewed the legality of rights to the Lordship and Barony titles and UK registered Solicitors (SRA) confirming the authenticity with the rights to each title and the legal conveyance. In this way legal assigned manorial Lordships and feudal Baronies by deed of conveyance are generally accepted.                 



                                      Highly to recommend for laymen:   



 

                                                      Summary 

A peerage title is a personal dignity which will pass, if it is not a life peerage, to the next legitimate descendant and can not be acquired. Hereditary peerage dignities can only be created through HM The Queen by writs of summons or by letters patent. Equally a life peerage can only be created or granted by the Queen on advice of Her Majesty's Government by letters patent. These members of nobility are custodians of pieces of English history and responsible in the sense of leading politicians, as they have a seat in the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.     

feudal title is a territorial dignity which passes as an incorporeal hereditament to the next legitimate descendant or can be acquired. Furthermore a Lordship Title Right is a right in law. A ‘right’ which cannot be seen or touched so can only exist when created by a legal process, whether that is a grant by the Crown or application of statute law and common law. An English lordship title can be owned by anyone, irrespective of nationality.

As such the holder of a manorial or feudal title is a responsible custodian of a part of English history and heritage, which can go back more than 1000 years. Therefore the feudal Lord holds his title in trust for future generations.


                                         


 

 

 










 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 


 

 

 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


 

                                                  
 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
























       

  


Baron in Parliamentary Robes

 

 

Baron in Coronation Robes

 

 

Baroness in Coronation Robes

 





















































































































































































































































































































































































































          




                          

            

            

                 

                                           

                  

   


























         


















 








 































         







       

 

   MANORIAL TERMS


                BARON

A Lord, especially in the 11th and 12th centuries, a tenant-in-chief holding an honor or capital manor in return for military service, later a peer called to Parliament by a writ of summons.

  

       CAPITAL MANOR

one held direct of the King with no mesne Lord.

 

                CAPUT

        Seat of a barony. 

      

         COATS OF ARMS
Insignia in heraldry, relating to a specific family or branch of a family, borne on shields or standards.  
 

CURIA REGIS

Royal Council or the King's Court, succeeded in c.1215 the Parliament of England or the House of Lords.

   

             DEMESNE

The land in a manor held by its lord and worked by his men for his benefit, or held on lease from him.
 

FIEF

Estate of a feudal lord.
     

FIEFDOM

Feudal lord's property.

   

FITZ 

An Anglo Norman prefix meaning son.

 

       FRANKALMOIGN

Tenure in return for religious duty or service.
                        

         KNIGHT'S FEE

Land held from a superior lord, for the service of a knight.

             

  LORDSHIP  

A Lordship has nothing to do with the physical land, it was the rights that came with a Manor. 

The historic name for this was the Seigniory.

   

         PER BARONIAM

             "by barony"

A feudal barony or barony by tenure was the highest degree of feudal land tenure under which the land-holder owed the service of being one of the king's barons.

               

        ROLL OF ARMS

Records of the coats of arms borne by different families, especially those made by an authority in heraldry.

             

              RELIEF 

The fee paid by the heir of a deceased person on securing possession of a fief. Tradition determines the amount demanded. This was known as ‘baronial relief’ and was a payment that you had to pay to the King before you could step into your inheritance.
                  

             SHERIFF

The official who is the chief administrative and judicial officer of a shire.

 

               SHIRE 

        English county

The shire court conduct the administrative, judicial and financial business of people living in the county.

 

      TENANT-IN-CHIEF

A lord holding his land directly from the King.

All Earls and Barons are tenants-in-chief.

                                 

      WRIT OF SUMMONS

Writ addressed to a Baron to attend the Kings Council.  And eventually, to receive a writ to attend Parliament. The House of Lords; as such, generally held to confer peerage status.